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ysun  Identity Verified
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“欲加之罪、何患无辞” Aug 14

1966年,黄胄成了全国美术界第一个被公开点名批判的“黑画家”。先是《解放军报》,后是《人民日报》,分别以整版篇幅发表了批判文章。
兹转引《人民日报》刊发的部分文字如下:

  黄胄画得最多的是“毛驴”和“少女”。他企图用那些游手好闲、飞眼吊膀的丑恶形象,来代替我们社会主义勤劳勇敢、朴实健康的各族劳动人民和革命战士;用那些歌舞、绣花、梳洗、喂奶等个人身边琐事,来排斥我们热火朝天的斗争生活;用剥削阶级色情、颓废、甚至歇斯底里的精神状态,来对抗无产阶级崇高、豪迈、意气风发的革命感情。

这就叫做“欲加之罪、何患无辞”!那些批判者真是驴唇不对马嘴,很可笑。但这种事情确实曾经发生过,而且难保以后不会再发生!

曾被批判的黄胄画作之一
ZH


[Edited at 2017-08-15 11:39 GMT]


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ysun  Identity Verified
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“文革”劫难下的几位“黑画家” Aug 14

http://www.people.com.cn/GB/198221/198819/198860/12712645.html

[Edited at 2017-08-14 23:34 GMT]


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Jianhong Jane Wang  Identity Verified
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How we remember Aug 14

A CR museum:
https://qz.com/684836/two-museums-in-china-about-the-cultural-revolution-show-very-different-versions-of-history/

David Shen wrote:

人在英国好处多,多吃一点 Dover sole!



哈,我只敢吃常见的、面善的或“见不着面”的罐装鱼,比如mackerel, salmon, sea bass, kipper, tuna, sardine 之类。至于比目鱼,倒想弄两条活的养在自家鱼缸里!


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wherestip  Identity Verified
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Google Aug 14

David Shen wrote:

Well, I did not think you knew painting that much, but I have to be careful now even when talking about paintings! 😅



David,

No trepidations warranted on my account since your initial hunch was correct. I just got lucky on my search; that's all.  


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David Shen  Identity Verified
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The Initial Hunch Aug 14

wherestip wrote:
David,
No trepidations warranted on my account since your initial hunch was correct. I just got lucky on my search; that's all.  

Steve,

Google does do great good to our lives, doesn't it? So has it changed quite a bit of our learning habits.

But somehow, I still cling to the "initial hunch" for most things. I view the "initial hunch" as a sacred property in each of us in our capacity to judge and act, as well as in translation. And I'm not giving that up anytime soon until Google can translate better than most of us, especially between English and Chinese.


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QHE
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AVVIO ARGOMENTO
Thank you, Steve! Aug 15

wherestip wrote: 峨眉山 清音阁


      QingYinPavilion Li_Keran

      左图: 峨眉山 清音阁.   右图: 李可染 《清音阁》(黑白二水洗牛心)

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wherestip  Identity Verified
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Is Coconut Oil Healthy? Aug 18

http://www.cnn.com/2017/08/18/health/coconut-oil-healthy-food-drayer/index.html


Is coconut oil healthy?
By Lisa Drayer, CNN
Updated 6:50 AM ET, Fri August 18, 2017

(CNN)According to a recent survey, 72% of Americans think coconut oil is a healthy food.
But despite popular health claims about coconut oil, a report from the American Heart Association recently advised against its use, stating that it increases LDL cholesterol (a cause of cardiovascular disease) and has no known offsetting effects.
"There are many claims being made about coconut oil being wonderful for lots of different things, but we really don't have any evidence of long-term health benefits," said Dr. Walter C. Willett, professor of epidemiology and nutrition at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.



What's in coconut oil?

Coconut oil is extracted from the meat of the fruit. It contains mostly saturated fat, which is also found in large quantities in butter and red meat. Like other saturated fats, coconut oil increases LDL cholesterol, the "bad" cholesterol associated with increased risk of heart disease. In fact, coconut oil has more saturated fat and raises LDL more than butter, according to Willett.
But coconut oil does a particularly nice job of raising HDL, the "good" cholesterol, especially when replacing carbohydrates in the diet. This may be due to its high content of a fatty acid known as lauric acid.
"Coconut oil is half lauric acid, which is a little bit unique," Klatt said, as the acid seems to raise HDL more than other saturated fats and is rarely found in such high amounts in foods.
Still, though the increase in HDL seen with consumption of coconut oil may offset some of the disease risk, it's still not as good as consuming unsaturated oils, which not only raise HDL but lower LDL, according to Willett.
Complicating matters is the fact that we still don't know for sure what exactly a high HDL translates to in terms of health risk. "There's been debate about the role of HDL," Willett cautioned. "Partly because there are many forms of HDL which have different health consequences ... which has made the water murky."
For example, there are different forms of HDL that do different things. One role is to help take LDL cholesterol out of the bloodstream. "But some forms of HDL don't do that," Willett said, "so we don't know for sure that higher HDL is better."
And while it's true that an elevated LDL level is only a risk factor for heart disease and doesn't always translate to heart attacks, it's still cause for concern. "High LDL is a risk factor, but it strongly predicts negative health events," Willett said.
There is extremely preliminary evidence that the increase in LDL may not be as pronounced if one consumes extra virgin coconut oil instead of refined coconut oil, according to Klatt. For example, polyphenols present in unrefined oils may help to blunt the effects on LDL. But "the effects of extra virgin compared to refined coconut oil and other common oils require further study," he cautioned.



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David Shen  Identity Verified
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What's Cooking? Aug 18

wherestip wrote:
(CNN) According to a recent survey, 72% of Americans think coconut oil is a healthy food.
But despite popular health claims about coconut oil, a report from the American Heart Association recently advised against its use, stating that it increases LDL cholesterol (a cause of cardiovascular disease) and has no known offsetting effects.
...
...But "the effects of extra virgin compared to refined coconut oil and other common oils require further study," he cautioned.


Good Morning Steve, what's cooking?

Let the Harvard professors keep studying, my choice is still canola or rape-seed, the same old thing I grew up with. I had to cook with this expensive coconut oil when I visited my boy, but I don't like it. To me, this whitish stuff looks like pig fat. All he had in his pantry was olive and coconut oil. I made him buy canola, otherwise daddy was not going to cook for him.

Cooking oils were expensive stuff in China, not sure if it is still the case. But they are cheap in America except olive oil and now coconut. To me oil is oil, there is no big difference. From beans, from corn, or from peanuts. But I do have an observation:

The Chinese seek taste in their cooking.
The Americans seek health in their diet.
The Chinese don't seem to care how much oil is there.
"油多菜不坏,礼多人不怪! "
says a grandma from Hunan.
The Americans worry daily
how much weight they are going to gain.
But here is the funny thing,
Most Chinese remain slim.


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wherestip  Identity Verified
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No coconut oil for me except in the shampoo I use Aug 18

David Shen wrote:

Most Chinese remain slim.



David,

That's mostly true. But you also see a lot of obese Chinese nowadays; of course for me it is only from on TV, video, or pictures.  

I also only buy canola oil for cooking; ever since it became trendy that is. I would peg that to be sometime in the '80s. Before that it was either corn oil or peanut oil.


[Edited at 2017-08-19 09:51 GMT]


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wherestip  Identity Verified
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Health Aug 18

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionals-network/2015/feb/12/chinas-body-mass-time-bomb-policymakers-tackling-rising-obesity



Fat China: how are policymakers tackling rising obesity?
Paul French in Shanghai


When China’s healthcare researchers first uncovered a significant expansion in the nation’s waistline they were looking to investigate something else entirely. In 1982 China’s ministry of health had decided to undertake a massive survey of the country’s diet looking to pinpoint sites of malnutrition and understand where best to target basic food resources. But in the course of their research they discovered that the number of overweight people in China accounted for approximately 7% of the population (by way of contrast, in 1980 it was claimed that 26% of American adults were obese).

Just over a decade later, a 1992 survey suggested that 15% of Chinese people were overweight and approximately 30 million were clinically obese. In other words, the number of overweight Chinese had doubled in a decade. Excessive weight and obesity were now items to be added to China’s ever lengthening healthcare agenda. The 90s saw the government launch the first campaigns around smoking, excessive alcohol intake and tentatively consider the – still politically sensitive – adverse effects of pollution on the nation’s health.

As China has become richer, so there have been what are known as “wealth deficits” – a rising awareness of depression as well as Alzheimers and other conditions associated with improved longevity. Obesity has fallen into this group as decades of food scarcity have receded into an era of availability. TV programmes and radio shows discuss the adverse effects of obesity on everything from marriage prospects to students’ exam performance to getting a job. “Fat camps” for kids, bogus slimming pills, the massive uptake of liposuction, the explosion of gyms and all manner of quack diets are all the subject of debate and tabloid speculation. Weight and body image are not seen as sensitive subjects by the media censors and so a repressed tabloid media has taken to discussing obesity with a vengeance.

In China the cumulative effects of change in the national diet, rather than ‘a single identifiable evil’ has triggered obesity. Photograph: Nikhil Patel/Guardian
In the west there has been a tendency to equate the “obesity epidemic” with a single identifiable evil in the diet – a prime suspect if you like – trans-fats, junk food and fizzy drinks. But, in China, it is the cumulative change across the national diet that has made the difference.

The fact is that, particularly for China’s urban middle class, diet has changed radically and seemingly definitely in terms of both volume and variety. Access to food has greatly improved – supermarkets, hypermarkets, convenience stores. At the same time the range of food products has grown, though mostly this has been pre-packaged and processed foods high in fat salt and sugar (HFSS). For instance, the total volume sales of the processed foods and beverages with high quantities of HFSS food products have grown at more than twice the rate of fresh fruit and vegetables sales over the last 15 years. The diet has changed, and urban malnutrition is now virtually extinct, but not necessarily for the better.

As new data revealed China’s growing waistline so the policy of targeting the poor and underfed also became a quest to understand why some people were putting their health at risk by overeating. “From famine to gluttony in a generation,” is how one dietician in Guangzhou phrased to me. Another described it as a “wealth benefit” in the new China and that, just as more people owning cars was leading to sky-rocketing accident rates, so the greater availability of, access to, and affordability of food was seeing some Chinese overindulge and gain weight to degrees that were injurious to their health. By 2012 China’s Ministry of Health estimated that as many as 300 million Chinese people are obese in a population of 1.2 billion. This total makes China the second most obese nation after the USA in numbers of overweight citizens.

...



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David Shen  Identity Verified
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Only Three Words Aug 18

wherestip wrote:
Fat China: how are policymakers tackling rising obesity?
Paul French in Shanghai

In all of the above, only three are worthy of translation for me.

1_“wealth deficits” 富贵病
2_“Fat camps” for kids 儿童减肥中心
3_“From famine to gluttony in a generation,” “上一代人么饿死,下一代人么撑死。”

What do you think Steve? Better versions please, folks!


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David Shen  Identity Verified
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Wait! Aug 18

Let Google Translate First:

1_“wealth deficits”=财富赤字
2_“Fat camps” for kids =“胖营”为孩子
3_“From famine to gluttony in a generation,”=从一代饥荒到glut。

And that's what I got.


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wherestip  Identity Verified
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很好 Aug 18

David Shen wrote:

wherestip wrote:
Fat China: how are policymakers tackling rising obesity?
Paul French in Shanghai

In all of the above, only three are worthy of translation for me.

1_“wealth deficits” 富贵病
2_“Fat camps” for kids 儿童减肥中心
3_“From famine to gluttony in a generation,” “上一代人么饿死,下一代人么撑死。”

What do you think Steve? Better versions please, folks!


David,

That's good. I like it.

致富引起的疾病
一代之遥由饥饿到暴食的变迁

I don't mind being a bit wordy.  

~*~*~*~*

p.s., I can't think of what exactly the original Chinese term of "wealth deficits" might be, as the latter seems to be an English translation for a group of health conditions that people are more liable to acquire as their economic status improved.

Like you said, it could be 富贵病. But then the use of the word "deficit" seems to be a bit out of place.


[Edited at 2017-08-19 14:31 GMT]


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QHE
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AVVIO ARGOMENTO
富贵病 Aug 19

wherestip wrote:

David Shen wrote:

wherestip wrote:
Fat China: how are policymakers tackling rising obesity?
Paul French in Shanghai

In all of the above, only three are worthy of translation for me.

1_“wealth deficits” 富贵病
2_“Fat camps” for kids 儿童减肥中心
3_“From famine to gluttony in a generation,” “上一代人么饿死,下一代人么撑死。”

What do you think Steve? Better versions please, folks!


David,

That's good. I like it.

~*~*~*~*

p.s., I can't think of what exactly the original Chinese term of "wealth deficits" might be, as the latter seems to be an English translation for a group of health conditions that people are more liable to acquire as their economic status improved.

Like you said, it could be 富贵病. But then the use of the word "deficit" seems to be a bit out of place.


“富贵病” was my first thought too. However, the term “diseases of affluence”(the diseases of affluence and longevity) is typically used to refer to the so-called 富贵病.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diseases_of_affluence
https://www.slideshare.net/kgphipps/diseases-of-affluence

And here's an explanation regarding the meaning of “wealth deficits":

    The adoption, for example, of Westernized conceptions of prosperity has led to a massive increase in car use instead of cycling in places such as China and India - with the added irony that this comes at a point at which attempts are being made to reverse that trend in Western societies because of its adverse impact on public health! A related example of what are now sometimes described by the Chinese as 'wealth deficits' (meaning the downsides of becoming richer in monetary terms) is provided by the huge rise in obesity in China since the 1980s, …

    Sustainability and the Political Economy of Welfare
    http://bit.ly/2fUtgK9




    [Edited at 2017-08-19 13:05 GMT]

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QHE
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AVVIO ARGOMENTO
Contradictory Food Studies Aug 19

Why do researchers churn out so many contradictory food studies?
PAUL TAYLOR

THE QUESTION
Food studies frustrate me. One week a study says one thing. The next week another study says the opposite. Why do researchers churn out so many contradictory studies – and why does the news media keep covering them?


oilTHE ANSWER

It's fair to say that many people share your frustration – despite the fact that food studies have a lot of popular appeal. After all, in theory at least, this type of research has the potential to empower people. If you knew what specific foods could prevent certain diseases, you wouldn't need to rely on doctors and prescription drugs.

Unfortunately, the science of nutrition can be complicated and it's prone to spurious findings.

What we eat is only one of many factors that determine our overall health. Genetics, lifestyle and the environment also play a role.

Furthermore, the food we eat is constantly in flux throughout the day, the year and over our lifetimes. So, it's difficult to pinpoint the parts of our diet that are particularly beneficial – or harmful, says Dr. Donald Redelmeier, a staff physician at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre and a professor of medicine at the University of Toronto.

But possibly the biggest challenge facing nutritional scientists is that they have to rely on indirect ways of studying the effects of diet on health. And, in particular, it's hard to do food studies as randomized controlled trials – which are considered the most reliable form of medical research….


9lives


…... Redelmeier says the best thing to do is focus on having a lot of variety in your diet – "everything in moderation" – and don't get distracted by contradictory studies and the latest food fads.

https://tgam.ca/2ifB0qM


[Edited at 2017-08-20 02:32 GMT]


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